Pine Ridge Gardens
Butterflies and the Garden

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How to attract butterflies:
A sunny area is needed, even 1/2 day will do.
Provide a source of mud or muddy water.
Grow plants that will provide food for all life stages. 
Do not use pesticides in the garden

Remember the most important thing:


Spicebush - Swallowtail CaterpillarSpicebush Swallowtail Caterpillar
Click here for Alternate photo

Learn to identify the 'good guys.'
Provide the habitat & they will come!
Woody plants for food for caterpillars:
Botanical name Common Name
Amorpha fruitcosa Lead plant Dogface, Gray hairstreak
Aronia melanocarpa Black chokeberry Striped hairstreak
Asimina triloba  Paw Paw  Zebra swallowtail
Aristolochia macrophylla  Bigleaf pipevine Pipevine swallowtail
Aristolochia tomentosa Dutchman’s pipevine Pipevine swallowtail
Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood, musclewood Red spotted purple, tiger swallowtail, marine blue
Carya illinoiensis Wild pecan Gray hairstreak
Carya ovata Shagbark hickory Banded hairstreak
Ceanothus ovatus  Inland NJ Tea duskywing
Celtis tenufolia Dwarf hackberry Question mark, mourning cloak, Tawny emperor & hackberry butterfly.
Cercis canadensis Redbud Henry’s elfin
Cornus species Dogwoods Spring azure
Fagus grandifolia American beech Early hairstreak
Fraxinus quadrangulata Blue Ash Mourning cloak, two-tailed tiger swallowtail
Ilex opaca American holly Henry’s elfin
Juniperus ashei  Ash’s juniper Olive hairstreak
Juniperus virginiana Eastern red cedar Olive hairstreak
Lindera benzoin Spicebush Spicebush swallowtail
Lirodendron tulipifera Tulip poplar Tiger swallowtail & spicebush swallowtail.
Lonicera sempervirens Trumpet honeysuckle Spring azure
Magnolia virginiana Sweet bay Magnolia Tiger swallowtail, Palamedes swallowtail & spicebush swallowtail.
Myrica cerifera Southern wax myrtle Red banded hairstreak
Persea borbonia Red Bay Palamedes swallowtail & spicebush swallowtail
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak Sleepy duskywing, Edward’s hairstreak
Quercus nigra Water oak Juvenal’s duskywing & White M hairstreak
Quercus rubra Northern red oak Banded hairstreak,
Quercus virginiana Live oak Northern hairstreak, Southern hairstreakJuvenal's hairstreak
Rhus copallina Winged sumac Red banded hairstreak
Sapinus drummondii Soapberry Soapberry hairstreak
Wisteria frutescens American wisteria Longtailed skipper, silver-spotted skipper
Viburnum dentatum Arrowwood Hummingbird clearwing
Viburnum nudum Shonny haw Hummingbird clearwing
Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw Hummingbird clearwing
Zanthoxylum clava herculis Prickly ash Giant swallowtail
Some websites of interest:

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