|....helping restore the earth
or false indigo belongs to the family Fabaceae. These are all long lived,
drought tolerant, outstanding natives. Most of the Baptisias thrive in
full sun and will tolerate some shade. Fabaceae is the bean family &
you will recognize the lovely foliage & pea shaped flowers if you've
ever observed a garden with peas growing in it.
Baptisia alba v macrophylla Wild
Full sun to half day. Zones 4-10 Family: Fabaceae
Also known as Baptisia leucantha, as well as Baptisia alba alba, this
native is found from Mississippi to Ontario & westward to Nebraska
& south to Texas. Generally the tallest of the species at about
5";. Very upright foliage with beautiful white flowers. More
beautiful with each year. Kevin Goodwin just let me know that
Bombus pensylvanicus (Pensylvania bumblebee) prefers this as a food
plant. We need to help the bees!
Baptisia alba v pendula Wild
Full sun Zones 5-9. Family: Fabaceae
There are at least two wild white indigos. The growth habit &
bloom time are different. Baptisia alba v. pendula blooms earlier
than Baptisia leucantha(or Baptisia alba v. alba) & is more compact -
about 3' in height as opposed to 4' or more with B. leucantha. Here
at the nursery, Baptisia pendula is planted in a clay bank that is visible
when you first drive up & for about a month in early spring, every
person who visits asks about it. With smokey purple stems that
appear almost black at times, it's a knockout. Then pristine white
pea-shaped flowers appear, followed by charcoal seed pods which droop from
the stems - thus the name pendula!
Baptisia australis Wild
Sun to part shade Zones 5-8 at least Family: Fabaceae
Baptisias or wild indigos or false indigos, whatever you wish to call
them, are a mainstay in the dry gardens. With taproots that go deep
into the ground, they can waltz through drought witout batting a
leaf! Drop dead blue flowers arise in late spring, reminiscent of
Lupine flowers (they are related you know).
Baptisia 'Carolina Moonlight'
$15.00 3 Quart size
Sun to part shade Zones 5-8 at least Family: Fabaceae
This lovely pale yellow Baptisa has all the wonderful traits
of drought tolerance & long life that we have come to know &
love about the false wild indigos.
Baptisia 'Dutch Chocolate'
$few available for pickup
Sun Zone 4-9 Family: Fabaceae
Baptisias are deer-resistant and this one is simply stunning with its deep
purple/black buds which turn to a Chocolate brown. Long live and
drought tolerant. 30"
Baptisia Lemon Meringue
a few available for pickup
Sun Zone 4-9 Family: Fabaceae
At 3 feet tall, this Baptisia hybrid fits well into the garden. Dark
yellow flowers on purple stalks. Drought tolerant.
Baptisia leucantha see Baptisia alba v. macrocarpa
Baptisia leucophaea Nodding
Full sun to afternoon shade to dappled shade. Zones 5-9 at least
This lovely baptisia goes under several names while botanists fight over
what is the correct name. This seems to be the most commonly accepted
botanical name so that is what I call it. Names aside, Nodding wild indigo
is a lovely plant standing only a foot or so tall & the flower heads
gracefully droop to the side. If planted on a hillside, the flowers
usually droop to the low side. Butterflies.
Baptisia minor Small
false blue indigo
Sun Zones 3-8 Family: Fabaceae
Blue pea-shaped flowers ornament this shorter member of the Baptisia
genus, 1 1/2 to 2'. Tough, drought tolerant plants that just
get bigger & better each year. Baptisias often take up to 3
years to bloom.
Baptisia nuttalliana Nuttall's
Sun - some shade Zones: 6-9 maybe colder Family:
Collected some seed from a large population of these plants last year in
SW Arkansas. Nuttall's false indigo is different from the others
with its flowers being interspersed with the foliage. Quite a lovely
plant - usually about 24 to 30". Yellow flowers, softer in color
than Baptisia sphaeracarpa.
Baptisia pendula - see Baptisia alba v pendula
Baptisia sphaeracarpa 'Screaming Yellow'
Wild yellow indigo
Sun Zones 5-10 at least Family: Fabaceae
Bright sunshine yellow are the flowers of this hardy baptisia. Even
when the mowers cut it down, it persists to come another year. Full
sun. 24 - 36" tall. This selection made by Larry Lowman owner of
Ridgecrest Nursery for many years. Native to Arkansas &
Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma & Texas. Butterflies.
"Only good men weep. If a man has not wept at the world's
pain, he is less than the dirt he walks upon because dirt will nourish
seed, root, stalk, leaf and flower, but the spirit of a man without pity
is barren and will bring forth nothing." Faulkner
Baptisia 'Midnight Prairie Blues' PP#20432
Sun Zone 3-9 Family: Fabaceae
False wild indigo is a very long lived plant which only gets better with
age. Deep blue-violet flowers are amazing spikes and as an added
bonus, side shoots begin to flower also, extending the bloom.
Baptisia Twilight Prairie Blues
PP#19011 Wild indigo
$15.00 2 Quart
Full sun Zones 4-8 Family: Fabaceae
Twilight Prairie Blues is a hybrid between B. australis & B.
sphaeracarpa perpetrated by the Chicago Botanic Garden. A beautiful
& vigorous wild indigo that is 30 to 36" tall & the flowers
are violet purple with a yellow keel. Average to dry soil.
Baptisias are long lived perennials that resist owner planticide unless
you keep them too wet. Cut back foliage in February or early March.
Berlandiera texana Green
Sun/pt shade Z: 6(5) to 9 Family: Asteracea
Green eyes is a lovely tough native with an extremely long bloom period.
With a green center & buttery yellow petals, Green eyes really draws
. Drought tolerant and as an
added bonus, a sweet vanilla fragrance on a nice sunny day.
Blephilia ciliata horsemint
- wood mint
Afternoon shade Zones 4-8 Family: Lamiaceae
I love this darling member of the mint family & have wanted to offer
it for several years but was unable to secure enough seed.
! It looks like purple pom poms on a stick. One ball shaped
head of flowers - a bit of stem and another ball shaped head of
flowers. 12 to 30"
Blephilia hirsuta Hairy
Arkansas native Part shade Z:
4-8 Family: Lamiaceae
Wood mint is nice for the wild garden, particularly in wooded areas
although it will grow in full sun. Little pom-pom type flower heads
are blue or purple & hummingbirds love them. Plant height is
from 12 to 30".
or poppy mallows or wine cups, belong to the family Malvaceae. They
form a large tuberous root & can take quite dry conditions. They do,
however, seem to resent root disturbance & don't want their crown
covered. Well drained soil is necessary. Beautiful & long lived.
Callirhoe bushii Bush's
Sun/pt shade Z: 5-9 Family: Malvaceae
This rare poppy mallow is native to only 4 states & is found growing
in rocky open woods & in glade borders. Very drought tolerant,
Bush's poppy mallow is more upright than the following species - reach
12-18" tall. Beautiful magenta cupped flowers approximately 1 1/2 to
2" across. Do not plant in richly amended soils or where the soil
Purple poppy mallow
Sun/pt shade Zones 4-9 Family: Malvaceae
Hardy, long lived & extremely drought tolerant are features that make
this a good plant. The wine colored blooms of about half dollar size
that bloom for a long time in late spring & summer make this a
outstanding plant. Good drainage & sun
are its main
Sun to part shade Zone 5-8 at least Family: Fabaceae
Bright yellow pea shaped flowers adorn wild senna! Plant toward the
back of the border .... Or in the center of an island bed as this beauty
can easily reach 4-5' in height. Deep green compound foliage is
attractive all season. A host plant for the
Cloudless sulphus & dogface sulfur butterflies. Synonym:
Cimicifuga racemosa Black
Shade to morning sun Zones 4-8 Family:
Spires of white flowers adorn this native herb which has been used
medicinally for decades. Attractive foliage on this 3-5"
plant. Does not tolerate drought.
Evening rain lily
Sun/pt shade Z: 6-10 Family: Amaryllidaceae
Synonym: Zephyranthes chlorosolem
This rain lily is the purest white with deep dark green grassy foliage -
more onion-like than grass-like. Cooperia is on the ANHC plants of
special concern list. Cooperia naturalizes well in a grassy lawn or
belong to the family Asteraceae. Asteraceae meaning composite as usually
the flowers are made up of disc flowers (the center of the flower) &
ray flowers (the petals). Coreopsis usually bloom over a fairly long
period & are attractive to butterflies.
Coreopsis grandiflora Large
Sun Zones: 4-9 Family: Asteraceae
Coreopsis grandiflora does well in heavy soils with full sun and dry
conditions. Where happy, it may form colonies because of its
rhizomatous roots. An easy plant to grow with few problems. Pollinator plant!
Coreopsis lanceolata Lance
Sun Z: 4-9 Family: Asteraceae
Native to much of this country, lance leaf coreopsis
is known to most everyone with the cheerful yellow daisy-like flowers
dancing in the wind. Best grown in dry lean soils. May self
Coreopsis palmata Plains
Sun/part shade Z: 3-8 Famly: Asteraceae
Prairie coreopsis is a rhizomatous (spreading from roots) wildflower
native to much of the eastern U. S. Bright yellow flowers on 1 1/2
to 2' plants that do well in poor, rocky, well drained soils. Butterflies & birds
Coreopsis pubescens Star
Sun Zones 3-8 Family: Asteraceae
An ideal prairie or meadow plant, star tickseed stays low and has a
mounding habit. Star tickseed not only attracts butterflies
in summer but feeds small seed eating birds
fall & winter. Drought tolerant.Butterflies!
Coreopsis tripteris Tall
$12.00 3 Quart
Sun Zones 3-8 Family: Asteraceae
An ideal prairie or meadow plant, tall tickseed can get from 2 feet to 6
feet, dependings on soils & moisture. Another lovely member of
the Aster Family, tall tickseed not only attracts butterflies
in summer but feeds small seed eating birds in
fall & winter. I always feel a surge of joy when I see an Indigo
bunting with its feet clasped on the stem pecking at the dried
Coreopsis verticillata Threadleaf
Sun Zones 4-8 Family: Asteraceae
Threadleaf coreopsis is a bushy rhizomatous perennial that can take the
heat & drought fairly well. Long bloom time Butterflies!
Cunila origanoides Dittany
Shade Zones 5-9 FAmily: Lamiacea
A diminutive member of the mint family, Dittany is sometimes called wild
oregano as the scent is much the same. Growing 9 to 18 inches, I usually
see dittany in deciduous woods but have read that it will grow in full
sun. Dittany has been used medicinally by Native Americans & others
throughout the years. A nice tea can be made by steeping the leaves.
Cynanchum laeve Honeyvine
Sun to part shade Zones 3-9 FAmily: Asclepidaceae
Honeyvine is a perennial twining vine that dies to the ground in the
winter, springing up when the weather warms again. Honeyvine is
somewhat weedy and so you wouldn't want it in a formal garden but it works
well in a large pot- We have a couple planted in 5 gallon pots here
at the nursery. White, lightly fragrant flowers appear in summer.
Host plant for Monarchs & the Obcure sphinx.
Seed thanks to Don Ford & John Perrin.
Service & packaging top-rate. Excellent
plants! Thank you. JJ- Oklahoma
White prairie clover
Sun Zones: 3-8 Family: Fabaceae Synonym:
White prairie clover is native to most of the United States, it reaches
about 12" to 24" in height. The bloom time comes about May or June,
is drought tolerant & long lived when planted in full sun and well
Dalea purpurea Purple
Sun Z: 4-8 Family: Fabaceae
Synonym: Petalostemum purpureum
Bright purple flowers that look like a ballerina's tutu appear in late
spring on erect short (12") stems. Very drought tolerant &
Dasyliron wheeleri Sotol
/ Desert spoon
$12.00 Quart $20.00 #2
Sun Z: 6(5) - 10 Family: Liliaceae
An outstanding drought buster! This member of the lily family has
hooked spines on the leaves - so pet it gently. Blue-gray leaves
cascade fountain-like & when the plant gets large enough, it will
produce a flower spike up to 12' tall. Deer resistant! I have
grown this in a south facing bank for over 20 years & it just keeps
getting better each year.
Hay scented fern
Shade/morning sun Zones 3-8 Family: Dennstaedtiaceae
Hay scented fern grows aggressively in moist organic soils but tolerates
less desirable sites as well. Its common name indicates fragrant foliage
when brushed against or cut. 1 ½ to 2 feet in height, hay-scented fern
will grow in heavy shade but can even tolerate full sun if the soil is
Sun to light shade Zones 5-9 Family: Fabaceae
Similar looking to sensitive briar, this wildflower does not have
prickles however and has fine long stamens projecting from each flower
so it looks like a white puffball. Sun/light shade. Important
for wildlife. Native range is from Texas to Indiana. 3-4"
Shade, Morning sun/afternoon shade. Zone
4-8 Family: Fumariaceae
Ferny foliage that does not die to the ground in the summer is one of
the marked differences between this & some of the other
species. Dangling pink flowers in spring, often reblooming later
in summer. Adequate moisture
is in the Asteraceae family. We have a number of species of these
and the hybridizers have really been busy working on colors, sizes &
shapes. We mostly prefer to grow straight species. Generally
these coneflowers prefer a place in the sun, well drained soil &
little if any fertilizer. Bees, butterflies & other flying
critters love coneflowers. According to one customer, Goldfinches
avidly pick the seedheads clean before seed matures.
Echinacea atrorubens Reflexed
Sun Zones 5-9. Family: Asteraceae
Seed thanks to Marilyn Stewart. 3’ tall, dark pink flowers.Butterflies
Echinacea pallida Pale
Sun/part shade Zones 3-8. Family: Asteraceae
Native to much of the U.S & Arkansas, this coneflowers has pale
drooping petals. Lightly fragrant with spidery petals. Very
drought tolerant & increases both vegetatively & by seed.
Echinacea paradoxa Yellow
Sun to part shade Zones 5 to 9 Family: Asteraceae
A paradox indeed! A yellow Echinacea. The yellow rays are strongly
downturned with the disc dark brown. This lovely native is not
widespread but is found on rocky slopes in Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas,
Oklahoma & Texas. Perennial. Usually found in limestone country but
will growjust fine in my acidic soil. Drought tolerant & long
Echinacea purpurea TT Purple
shade Zone: 4-9 Family: Asteraceae
A lovely purple coneflower - which is really a stunning pink - seeds
thanks to Teresa Thrash! This coneflower has narrower leaves than
usual as well as being shorter & more floriferous.
Zone 4-9 Family: Asteraceae
Here we have the normal purple coneflower that is tall and has large
flowers. Very attractive to butterflies
bees & other flying critters.
Thanks to John Perrin for the seed.
Echinacea sanguinea Sanguine
Sun to light shade Z: 7-10 Family: Asteraceae
Thanks to Theo Witsell for sharing the seed for this uncommon coneflower
- native to three states, Arkansas, Oklahoma & Texas. I am not
certain of the winter hardiness of this species - It's natural growing
area is Zone 8 and warmer.
Echinacea simulata Glade
Sun to part shade Z: 5-8 Family: Asteraceae
Glade coneflower looks almost exactly like pale purple coneflower with
the exception that the pollen is yellow whereas with pale purple
coneflower, the pollen is white. Growing conditions are similar-rocky,
poor soils as well as somewhat better (but not too good) soil. Great
attractor of butterflies, bees
&seed eating birds
Echinacae tennessensis Tennessee
Sun to partial shade Zones 4-9 Family: Asteraceae
Tennessee coneflower has reflexed petals instead of the typical
downturned petals of most coneflowers. Tennessee coneflower was
once almost on the edge of extinction but through the efforts of many
folks, it has rebounded & I understand to be in good shape. It
grows in well drained sandy soils here.
Erigeron pulchellus v. pulchellus Robin's
Part shade Z: 3-8 Family: Asteraceae
Robin's plantain is an early spring blooming darling with daisy-like
flowers of whte with a tinge of pink or blue. Their quarter sized
blooms endear themselves to gardeners with their undemanding
beauty. Drought tolerant.
Eryngium yuccifolium Rattlesnakemaster
Sun to part shade.
Zones 5-9 Family: Asteraceae
An unusual looking whitish flower top blue gray foliage that looks
similar to yucca. Found over most of the eastern part of the U.S.,
rattlesnakemaster was used by the American Indians for a multitude of
medicinal purposes - one of which was to make a poultice of the root to
apply to snakebites. Now-a-days, using it as a vertical accent in
the garden to attract butterflies
most common use.
Eupatorium coelestinum Mistflower
$8.00 Quart $12.00 3 Quart
Sun to part shade Zones 5-10 Family: Asteraceae
Lovely blue flowers bloom in late summer & fall, attracting bees
and butterflies. Very aggressive spreader
though. Average to moist soils.
Eupatorium fistulosum Joe
$8.00 Quart $12.00 3 Quart
Sun to part shade Zones 4-10 Family: Asteraceae
This giant Joe Pye weed draws butterflies
like a magnet with large pinky mauve flowers on very stiff stems.
Plan on 6 to 10 feet for this lovely mid to late summer bloomer.
Eupatorium fistulosum v. albidum White
joe pye weed
Sun to part shade Zone 4-10 Famiy: Asteraceae
Butterflies are drawn to the Joe Pye weed
members - There must be an abundance of nectar in the huge flower heads.
this one gets big too, with clusters of white flowers. 6-10'.
Eupatorium hyssopifolium Hyssop leaved
Sun to part shade Zones 4-8 Family: Asteraceae
I feel like stealing some of Tony Avent's comments & asking for a
better common name! It is a shame for this underused native to be
burdened with a name only a mother could love. Very fine foliage
graces this late summer blooming texture plant. Good nectar plant
for butterflies. White flowers.
Eupatorium incarnatum Purple
Part Shade Z: 5-9 Family: Asteraceae
Syn: Fleischmannia incarnata. Also known as pink thoroughwort,
Eupatorium incarnatum is valued by butterflies
for its nectar & is used as a larval food plant by
some of the metalmarks. Found in Arkansas in shaded areas
with seasonal moisture.
Joe pye weed
$12.00 3 Quart size
Sun to part shade Zones 5-9 Family:
Joe Pye weed is an outstanding butterfly
plant! Dusty rose colored flowers top off an imposing plant from 3
to 9 feet tall (if it's really happy). Normally gets to about
4-6'. Joe Pye likes good soil & adequate moisture. Bloom
period is late summer into fall.
Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset
Sun to part shade Zones 4-9 Family: Asteraceae
The long narrow leaves clasp the stem so tightly that it appears the
stem has grown through the leaves. Puffy white flower heads adorn
this native meadow plant that get from 3 to 5'. Very attractive to
butterflies but it is poisonous to
cattle. While liking moisture, it is quite drought tolerant when
Eupatorium purpureum Joe
Sun/shade Zones 3-8 Family: Asteraceae
pinky-purple flowers heads rise tall in the mid summer garden.
Average to moist soils. New name (Eutrochium purpureum) to some
Sun to part shade Zones 5-8 Family: Asteraceae
Just another butterfly attractor!
Butterflies need nectar sources all season long which is a good reason
for planting white snakeroot. (Why snakeroot? Does the root
look like a snake? How many white snakes have you seen?) At
nearly 4' tall, white snakeroot doesn't get lost in the crowd.
Eupatorium serotinum Late
Sun to part shade Z: 3-9 Family: Asteraceae
Deep purple stems are a vivid contrast to the deep green of the
foliage. This contrast is most vivid early in the season.
Toward the end of summer, late Joe Pye is covered in white blooms,
attracting flying critters from near & far. Another drought
Filipendula rubra Queen
of the Prairie
Sun Z: 3-8 Family: Rosaceae
Queen of the prairie seems rightly named â€“ 6 to 8 feet tall, fragrant
in both flower & leaf. Fluffy looking pink flower heads show up in
summer. Average to moist soils. Deer resistant & will tolerate clay
soil. Butterflies & birds
and other pollinating insects.
Gaillardia aestivalis v. aestivalis Blanketflower
Sun/part shade Z: 5-9 Family: Asteraceae
There are several different plants referred to as Blanketflower.
This one grows 2 to 3 feet and has flowers of mostly red with some
yellow on the edges of the petals. Thanks to Theo Witsell for this
Gaillardia aestivalis v. flavovirens Blanketflower
Sun/part shade Z: 5-9 Family: Asteraceae
Thanks to Marilyn Stewart (Wild Things Nursery) for the seed of this
lovely blanketflower. Beautiful yellow flowers that bloom for
months. I do believe this can act as an annual or short lived
perennial. If annual, new plants pop up & you will have
flowers by July.
Gaura lindheimeri Wand
Sun/part shade Z: 5-9 Family: Onagraceae
Native to Texas & Louisiana, Wand flower or Appleblossom grass (as I
saw it referred to lately) is a delightful long blooming
perennial. Four petaled white flowers with long stamens seem to
dance in the slightest breeze - also gaining it the name of whirling
Geranium maculatum Wild
Shade or morning
sun Z: 3-8 Family: Geraniaceae
Lovely woodland native with pink flowers about 1/2 dollar size.
Blooms in mid spring. Deeply incised leaves make this plant lovely
even when not in bloom.
Gillenia stipulata Indian
Morning sun/light shade Zones 5-9
Family: Rosaceae Synonym: Porteranthus stipulatus
Synonym: Poteranthus stipulatus. When I was at
the butterfly festival this year on Mt. Magazine, at the visitor center,
I saw many of these starry white flowers on the edge of dry woods.
So cheerful blooming in late June! Native from New York to Texas.
Gillenia trifoliata Indian
Sun to part shade Zones 4-8 Family:
Rosaceae Synonym: Porteranthus trifoliatus
Synonym: Poteranthus trifoliatus.
Bowman’s root generally grows 2 to 3’ with a
similar spread, it does well massed taking advantage of the airiness of
the blooms & showing off the red calyx after the petals have
dropped. Attractive to Butterflies
Glandularia canadensis Rose
Sun/part shade Z: 5-9 Family: Verbenaceae
A trailing plant that spreads quickly to form a lovely ground
cover. Flat-topped clusters of deep pink to rose-purple flowers
appear for several months from early spring in summer. A great
that also does well in containers.
Average to dry soil that is well drained.
You see purple verbena growing on roadsides in tough conditions.
"We cannot live only for ourselves. A thousand
fibers connect us with our fellow men; and among those fibers, as
sympathetic threads, our actions run as causes, and they come back to us
as effects." Herman Melville